parish reform

The Crisis of the “State Church” in the Focus of the Parish Question. 1860s–1917

In this article, the author looks at the development of the so‑called Orthodox parish issue within the last fifty years of the Russian Empire. This issue helps identifying the main elements of the crisis in which the State Church system would find itself in 1917. The problem was present since the 18th century and then exploded in heated discussions in the beginning of the 20th century.